Clerodendrum species are trees, erect or rambling shrubs, rarely herbs. Branches terete, quadrangular, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves simple. Flowers and foliage, Clerodendrum indicum (Turk’s turban); flowers and foliage. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Clerodendrum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. Its common names (as C. serratum (L.) Moon); Volkameria aculeata L. (as C. aculeatum (L. ) Schltdl.) Volkameria glabra () Mabb. & (as C. glabrum ) .
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The species is considered native to temperate and tropical Asia including southern China, India, Malaysia and possibly the Philippines Brown, It has been intentionally introduced across temperate and tropical regions as an ornamental, is known to have escaped from cultivation Standley,and is now established in the Neotropics.
It is c,erodendrum to be a weed in Vietnam Holm et al. The species reproduces by seeds, rooted cuttings, and suckers, but does not appear to be as invasive as some other members of the Clerodendrum genus cleroddndrum is not currently a significant threat to native flora. Monitoring and future reassessment is recommended, considering its now widespread distribution beyond its native range, its rapid growth rate, and its ability to reproduce both by seed and vegetatively.
Most members of the Lamiaceae genus Clerodendrum are native to the Old World tropics, but many have been cultivated and introduced as ornamentals elsewhere.
The genus consists of approximately species Armitage, ; Acevedo-Rodriguez,although this number has now been reported to be closer toas much taxonomic confusion in the past has resulted in thousands of cllerodendrum and synonymous specimens Wearn and Mabberly, Its name refers to its perceived origin of India Stearn, Leaves verticillate, sessile, in each whorl, narrowly lanceolate, cm long, Cymes verticillately arranged to form a terminal, cm long panicle.
Calyx-lobes mm long, ovate-lanceolate. Corolla-tube mm long, indcum lobes ovate-oblong, mm long, obtuse. In Myanmar and the eastern Caribbean, the species occurs as a shrub Kress et al.
While the species has been recorded for much of the West Indies and the Guiana Shield, it is not well represented in other parts of South America, continental Africa, or Europe, and has not been reported, for example, in Forzza et al. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status.
Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.
In the Philippines and Singapore, it is reported only as a cultivated species Chong et al. Date of introduction to the Neotropics is uncertain, but in the West Indies it was reported as syn. Kitts, Trinidad, and Guiana by Grisebach, inficum The species was present in Martinique byGuadeloupe bySt.
Vincent byand Dominica by Smithsonian Herbarium Collections. Clerodendrun species was included as syn. Croix after being planted as an ornamental, and reportedly growing in the Puerto Rico Federal Experiment Station in Hume, It was reported as syn. Siphonanthus indica as a cclerodendrum species in Bermuda in Britton, In the continental USA, C. Considering the widespread distribution, rapid growth rate, and ability to reproduce both by seed and vegetatively, this species has potential to negatively impact environments, but based on the current data it appears to be more of a common weed and does not pose a significant threat to native ecosystems where it has been introduced.
Outside of cultivated gardens, C.
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In China, it is clerpdendrum on roadsides on mountain slopes Flora of China Editorial Committee, while in Java the species is naturalized in grassy, sunny or slightly shaded areas near human settlements Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, Croix the species was observed growing in rocky woods Britton and Wilson, It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, but prefers moist but well-drained soil and partial shade to full sun Whistler, ; Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, ; Brown, It has low flerodendrum for salt but is fairly drought-resistant Brown, Altitude requirements for members of the Clerodendrum genus tend to be lower rather than higher ranges Rueda, In China the species has been found between and m Flora of China Editorial Committee,while in Nepal it has been recorded to occur at m Flora of Nepal Editorial Committee, and in Java at m Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, Seeds of Clerodendrum are encased in shiny purple berries which may be dispersed by birds and other animals Rueda, Additionally, it is a suckering plant and can be spread by movement of humans and animals who may transport rhizome fragments.
The species clrrodendrum been widely introduced outside of its native range for use as an ornamental Quattrocchi, Among its many uses in Ayurvedic and traditional medicine, the plant is known to be used to treat asthma, coughs, fever, atrophy, consumption, skin problems such as pemphigus, herpes, scrofula, indlcum rheumatism, and is used as a tonic Watt, clerodendruj Khare, ; Quattrocchi, ; Duke, In Pakistan, the root is used in chest troubles, and the juice of the leaves mixed with butter fat is applied to cure herpetic eruptions, and in India, Pakistan, and Myanmar, a resin obtained from the plant is used for treating syphilitic rheumatism Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, ; Khare, ; Flora of Pakistan, In India and Java, the leaves of the species are dried and clerodedrum like cigarettes to relieve asthma, and in New Caledonia, the leaves are used clegodendrum a bitter tonic and vermifuge Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, clerodendrrum Khare, The leaves are also reportedly eaten as a vegetable Quattrocchi, Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, Vines and climbing plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, Armitage’s manual of annuals, biennials, and half-hardy perennials.
Apuntes para clerodebdrum flora de Puerto Rico. Bello Espinosa D, Britton NL; Wilson P, Academy of Sciences, pp. Imdicum of the Eastern Caribbean.
University of the West Indies. Tube Flower; Turk’s Turban Clerodendrum indicum. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Inficum. National University of Singapore, Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, pp. Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases online resource. Flora of China Editorial Committee, Flora of Nepal Editorial Committee, Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal.
Flora of Pakistan, Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield Venezuela: Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, pp. Flora of the British West Indian Islands. A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. Some ornamental shrubs for the tropics. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Springer Press, pp. A checklist clerodendru, the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Missouri Botanical Garden, Assessment of invasiveness and ecological impact in non-native plants of Texas.
Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 3 2: Co’s Digital Flora of the Philippines. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: A Global Compendium of Weeds.
Clerodendrum indicum – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, pp. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. The genus Clerodendrum Indicu in Mesoamerica. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 80 4: Two Additions to the Flora of Louisiana. Torreya Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club14 2: Stearns clerofendrum of plant names for gardeners: A handbok on the origin and meaning of the botanical names of some cultivated plants.
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Plant resources of South-East Asia No. Backhuys Publishers, pp. Flora of Micronesia website. Superintendent of Government Printers. Clerodendrum Lamiaceae in Borneo.
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More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Datasheet Clerodendrum indicum Turk’s turban. Dicotyledonae Summary of Invasiveness C. Don’t need the entire report?