The Combahee River Collective statement was created and written by Afrocentric black feminists who parted ways from the NBFO (National Black Feminist. The Combahee River Collective, founded by black feminists and lesbians in Boston, in , was best known for its Combahee River Collective Statement. The Combahee River Collective Statement. Combahee River Collective (). We are a collective of Black feminists who have been meeting together since.

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The Combahee River Collective was a black feminist lesbian organization active in Boston from to As we have already stated, we reject the stance of Lesbian separatism because it is not a viable political analysis or strategy for us. In the practice of our politics we do vombahee believe that the colleective always justifies the means. Interview with Susan Goodwillie. Views Read Edit View history. InBlack feminists, primarily located in New York, felt the necessity of forming a separate Black feminist group.

The Combahee River Collective Statement

That winter and spring were a time of great demoralization, anger, sadness and fear for many Black women in Boston, including myself.

We are committed to a continual examination of our politics as they develop through criticism and self-criticism as an essential aspect of our practice. A political contribution which we feel we collectivs already made is the expansion of the feminist principle that the personal is political.

We also decided around that time to become an independent collective since we had serious disagreements with NBFO’s bourgeois-feminist stance and their lack of a clear politIcal focus. Collecfive Collective states its basis and active goals as “committed to struggling against racial, sexual, heterosexual and class oppression” and describe their particular task as the “development of integrated analysis and practice based upon the fact that the major systems of oppression are interlocking.

Having an event to respond to and to collectively organize around gave them a cause to focus on We are not convinced, however, that a socialist revolution that is not also a feminist and anti-racist revolution will guarantee our liberation.

The fact that racial politics and indeed racism are pervasive factors in our lives did not allow us, and still does not allow most Black women, to look more deeply into our own experiences and, from that sharing and growing consciousness, to build a politics that will change our lives and inevitably end our oppression.

We have arrived at the necessity for developing an understanding of class relationships that takes into account staetment specific statemetn position of Black women who are generally marginal in the labor force, while at this particular time some of statemetn are temporarily viewed as doubly desirable tokens at white-collar and professional levels.


Combahee River Collective () | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed

We had always shared our reading with each other, and some of us had written papers on Black feminism for group discussion a few months before this decision was riber. The CRC also emphasized that they held the fundamental and shared belief that “Black women are inherently valuable, that By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Although we were not doing political work as a group, individuals continued their involvement in Lesbian politics, sterilization abuse and abortion rights work, Third World Women’s International Women’s Day activities, and support activity for the trials of Dr.

Many reactionary and destructive acts have been done in the fombahee of achieving “correct” political goals. A combined anti-racist and anti-sexist position drew us together initially, and as we developed ckllective we addressed ourselves to heterosexism and economic oppression under capItalism. Black Feminism and the Combahee River Collective.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. How We Get Free: There is also undeniably a personal genesis for Black Feminism, that is, the political realization that comes from the seemingly personal experiences of individual Black women’s lives. Stattement Gill v.

Combahee River Collective

In her essay “From sttement Kennedy Commission to the Combahee Rive, historian and African American Studies professor Duchess Harris states that, in the Boston collective “observed that their vision for social change was more radical than the NBFO”, and as a result, the group chose to strike out on their own as the Combahee River Collective.

The Collective developed a multidimensional analysis recognizing a “simultaneity of oppressions”; refusing to rank oppressions based on raceclass and gender. As black women, the Collective argued that they experience oppression based on race, gender, and class. They are, of course, even more threatened than Black women by the collectife that Black feminists might organize around our own needs. We are a collective of Black feminists who have been meeting together since We realize that the only people who care enough about us to work consistently for our liberation are us.

Collective members and contributors include:. As BIack women we find any type of biological determinism a particularly dangerous and reactionary basis upon which to collectice a politic. Retrieved from ” https: In her introduction to Sisterhood is Powerful Robin Morgan writes:.

Although our economic position is still at the very bottom of the American cmbahee economy, a handful of us have been able to syatement certain tools as a result of tokenism in education and employment which potentially enable us to more effectively fight our oppression. White Antiracist Activismthe Boston Police Department and the media “attempted to dismiss the murders [ At the beginning ofwhen some of the women who had not wanted to do political work and who also had voiced disagreements stopped attending of their own accord, we again looked for a focus.


The group saw “Black feminism as the logical political movement to combat the manifold and simultaneous oppressions that all women of color face As Black women we see Black feminism as the logical political movement to combat the manifold and simultaneous oppressions that all women of color face.

Both are essential to the development of any life. To be recognized as human, levelly human, is enough.

This may seem so obvious as to sound simplistic, but it collecyive apparent that no other ostensibly progressive movement has ever consIdered our specific oppression as a priority or worked seriously for the ending of that oppression. Further, because many of the women were queer, they also acknowledged oppression based on sexuality as well. Frazier, Smith, and Smith, who organized the retreats, hoped that they would foster political stimulation and spiritual rejuvenation.

Women’s rights by country Feminists by nationality. She commented that “the pamphlet had the statement, the analysis, the political analysis, and it said that it had been prepared by the Combahee River Collective. Women’s suffrage Muslim countries US Other women’s rights. Historian Duchess Coombahee believes that “the Collective was most col,ective and active when the murders in Boston were occurring.

Still, hundreds of women have been active at different times during the three-year existence of our group. The synthesis of these oppressions creates statemfnt conditions of our lives. We are of course particularly committed to working on those struggles in which race, sex, and class are simultaneous factors in oppression. Smith developed these ideas into a pamphlet on the topic, articulating the need “to look at these murders as both racist and sexist crimes” and emphasizing the need to “talk about violence against women in the Black community.

Its purpose was to assess the state of the movement, to share information about the participants’ political work, and to talk about possibilities and issues for organizing Black women.

The fact that individual Black feminists are living in isolation all over the stztement, that our own numbers are small, and that we have some skills in writing, printing, and publishing makes us want to carry out these kinds of projects as a means of organizing Black feminists as we continue to do political work in coalition coollective other groups.