Evidentiality the Linguistic Coding of Epistemology Advances in Discourse Processes – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. EVIDENTIALLY: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology edited by Wallace Chafe University of California, Santa Barbara Johanna Nichols University of California. With the Future Behind Them: Convergent Evidence From Aymara Language and Gesture in the Crosslinguistic Comparison of Spatial Construals of Time.
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The time is always assigned to the event being particularized and discussed, never to the moment of knowledge.
Catalog Record: Evidentiality : the linguistic coding of | Hathi Trust Digital Library
The significance of the vertical order in the table will be discussed further below. The experience refered to is always that of the speaker; the event or state compared to that experience is always of a second or third person. International Journal of American Linguistics 9. Unmarked present opposed to marked past is the main tense distinction, but inner-layer indications of future tense also occur. They occur most often when the main verb is marked for definite future tense, as shown in 1: WPCC 21 nay co-wi-la pi coyi-morfa-sa.
The Origins and Deictic Nature of Wintu Evidentials 55 drawn, elaborating on the nature of subjects and objects, and specifying the degree of involvement of each, as well as of the speaker if he is not identical with the subject or the object. David Adger – – Oxford University Press. Kristian Jensen – – Fink.
It is indifferent to aspectual distinctions: A parallel to the Nootkan case of a quotative marker arising from a suffixed verb ‘to say’ is seen in Hokan Yana of northern California, where the Central and Northern dialects’ quotative mode i.
University of Nevada, Reno I take evidentials to constitute a linguistic category which applies to predications that the speaker assumes have a reasonable likelihood of being true, but which he cannot vouch for out of direct observation or experience. In his grammatical sketch of Kwakiutl in the Handbook, a similar statement is found: Medicine, Education, and Law. The systems in these three languages rank among the most linguisticc and discriminating of any in the world; descriptions of the Pomo languages other than these three do not reveal as complex a development.
Philosophy of Science 5. Note that Lee never used the term ‘evidential.
It appears in many situations in which English would not normally use its near equivalent ‘must have’: As exemplified in 6 and 9the sensory evidential suffixes with k are used when the subject is first person.
See especially Schlichter’s article in this volume for discussion of these points. Campbell and Mithun, eds. Libguistic California texts, ed.
This is in contrast linfuistic many of the elements 1 Most of the Kashaya material on which this paper is based was collected in the summers — rhe, in the course of fieldwork sponsored by the Survey of California Indian Languages, Department of Linguistics, University of California, Berkeley.
Still others are aspectless and Oswalt: The Heterogeneity of Evidential in Makah 5 modal force. This is probably a derived function of the suffix marking the passive voice, These are the evidential forms alluded to in the quotation from Sapir on p. The real difference was evodentiality described by Lee Just as we saw with Sapir, other workers on individual languages have also not employed the generic concept of evidentials because of its lack of structural appropriateness.
That is, bEy- is a visual evidential by default in those instances. The suffix -ckwi- combining-form -ckwiq- usually forms nouns referring to remains or debris resulting from a particular action. Some problems of American Indian linguistic research.
Friedman epistemolofy discusses the so-called admirative form of the Albanian verb, which expresses surprise, disbelief, and reportedness.
Legacy Other Form Online version Evidentiality. The predecessors of the evidentials may have been placed after verbs by bilingual ancestors of the Wintu who had picked up the habit from neighboring languages which had evidentials.
Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology (Advances in Discourse Processes) (v. 20)
M ‘to say’ is of Proto-Wintun age and appears in the quotative systems of both Patwin and Wintu, but the elaboration of a quotative mode based on the subjunctive -ml-mu seems to have been innovative in Patwin.
In these languages evidentiality is ‘pervasive and uncompromising; an integral part of the world view. Moravcsik – – Mouton. Tim Hunter – – John Benjamins Pub. Exploring Orality and Literacy. The only way to find out if he epistemoloby right is to examine the facts. The University of Sydney.
Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology – Google Books
Lee found a paradigm of five evidential suffixes in Wintu see the display of five ways linguistci say ‘Harry is chopping wood’ [ The declarative and interrogative modal particles are apparently optional in a given clause.
Thus SI3 can also be interpreted as an abstract gerund ‘singing of birds’ or as an evidence-less past ‘Birds sang’. There are only a few examples in texts where -ke- with or without auxiliaries, still refers to hearsay. Another possibility is unmarked direct perception, regardless of sensory channel, versus knowledge acquired indirectly, marked according to source: An areal-typological study of American Indian languages north of Mexico.