Home arrow Military Publications – Field Manuals – USAHEC arrow FM Mine/Countermine Operations. Reference URL. Share. Save to. Field Manual (FM) provides United States (US) armed forces with tactical, technical, and procedural guidance for conducting mine and countermine. Field Manual FM Mine/Countermine Operations at the Company Level [ Department of the Army] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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An AHD usually consists of an explosive charge that is connected to, placed next to, or manufactured in the mine. Its use depends on the method of minefield resupply, and these techniques are discussed in more detail later in this chapter. The leader submits a report to his higher headquarters stating counterminw the minefield has been removed and that the area is clear.

FM 20-32 Mine/Countermine Operations

See Tablepage When overlaid on the maneuver graphics and the SITE MP, the scheme-of- obstacle overlay should depict the essential elements of obstacle integration: The safety zone around one container is 55 meters to the front and sides and 20 meters to the rear. Only approach and exit countermne are required.

Sample DA Form inside for river mining They satisfy the high mobility requirements of modern warfare. Their range is limited to 17, or 17, meters, depending on which howitzer M or M, respectively is used. The reload time not including movement time to the reload site for an experienced four-man crew is approximately 20 minutes.

Mine/Countermine Operations FM 20-32 C2

The engineer integrates directed obstacle groups with theCOA. As a minimum, the clearance force should rehearse actions on the obstacle, actions on enemy contact, casualty evacuation, and the control of COBs.

Commanders normally use the disrupt effect forward of EAs.

Traffic tapes are used by laying personnel to assist in camouflage and to reduce the amount of traffic mie strip centerlines. Mounted and dismounted forces moving through the lane should keep the left handrail marker immediately to their left. Obstacle zones Figurepage are graphic control measures that corps and division commanders use to grant obstacle emplacement authority to Mine-Warfare Principles FM brigades including armored cavalry regiments [ACRs] and other major subordinate units.


Protective Minefields Protective minefields are employed to protect soldiers, equipment, supplies, and facilities from enemy attacks or other threats. Enter the types of mines and the number of each type of mine.

First, in order to entice the enemy to maneuver in the desired direction rather than reduce the obstacle, the obstacle must have a subtle orientation relative to the enemy’s approach. Record the location of the pins and clips in the remarks section of DA Form R. The fire-support element FSE is responsible for plotting the safety zone, and the staff engineer should be familiar with the process and the expected results. Mine-Warfare Principles C2, FM DESIGN Modifying minefield variables to achieve the desired obstacle effect is a challenge for the engineer, both technically resourcing and designing and tactically supporting the maneuver scheme.

When maneuvering around an obstacle, tm to locate a portion of the force in overwatch positions to cover the bypass of the main element.

Mine/Countermine Operations FM C2

If the material is not forwarded into theTF sector, the brigade is responsible for delivering it to theTF. They also signal countermime team commanders to begin changing from combat column to column formation, with platoons in combat column.

Protective minefields in this case consist predominantly of AT mines that reduce the enemy’s ability to close quickly onto the infantry’s position.

Depending on the size and the location of minefields, either technique may have the advantage of using fewer resources or labor. Refining artillery targets based on obstacle-group changes. Command Detonation This mode provides manual warhead initiation using standard military blasting caps and a priming adapter Figure The pressure plate has an indented, yellow arrow that points to the A or S position on top of the fuse body.

MCB gure This enables the commander to direct the overall countermkne of obstacles within a designated zone, belt, or group to support his plan. It is a fundamental of breaching operations as discussed in Chapter 9 and in FM The average time to emplace one ground Volcano load canisters is 10 minutes.


The air Volcano system is discussed in detail in Appendix D. Residue must be removed. It also contains new and improved techniques for emplacing row mines; marking, reporting, and recording minefields; reducing simple and complex obstacles; and emplacing a standard-pattern minefield. The mines can be buried after the lane is closed.

Each obstacle effect has a specific impact on an enemy’s ability to maneuver, mass, and reinforce. I n short, they dictate the direct-fire responsibilities of each subordinate. The breach force conducts clearing operations, the support force isolates the area being cleared, and the assault force performs security functions beyond the clearance site traffic control points and assists Route and Area Clearance FM the breach force in disengagement, as required.

Standard booby-trap sign gure a. Volcano turn and block minefields Figure Tablepageprovides general guidance on how much manpower is required to sustain mine resupply operations. This is done by using a mine roller or another blast-resistant device. A fully developed lane must support two-way traffic and be completely marked. Personnel and equipment requirements for a sweep team Due to internal resistance, the maximum range is decreased by meters for each additional MOPMS connected in series.

This information is vital to obstacle planning. A minefield designated as phony implies that the area contains no live mines. It countsrmine commanders with a visual signature or a series of signatures for guiding their movement toward the lane. Surrogate equipment includes an air-data package GPS, radar altimeter, inertial measurement unit [IMU]a power supply, a work station s mjne, a digital data recorder, mounting racks, and a modified floor for the specific aircraft.