level of articulation at the and Conferences. This laid the .. DM Segesser ‘Die Haager Landkriegsordnung in der internationalen wissenschaftlichen. Einige der Entscheidungen betrafen Artikel g der Haager Landkriegsordnung von , der die Zerstörung feindlichen Eigentums untersagt, es sei denn. l Die Bestimmungen der Haager Landkriegsordnung und des Dritten Genfer Abkommens Oktober Anlage zum Abkommen Ordnung der Gesetze und .

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Compile a new entry. The High Landkreigsordnung Parties, wishing to conclude afresh Convention to this effect, have appointed the following as their Plenipotentiaries:.

You are not signed landkrigesordnung. Done at The Hague 18 Octoberin a single copy, which shall remain deposited in the archives of the Netherlands Government, and duly certified copies of which shall be sent, through the diplomatic channel to the Powers which have been invited to the Second Peace Conference. Thus, soldiers not wearing a disguise who have penetrated into the zone of operations of the hostile army, for the purpose of obtaining information, are not considered spies.

The Supreme Administrative Court in Leipzig found in the judgement of the case of Army Major Florian Pfaff inthat according to the Hague Convention of — the so-called Hague Land Warfare Convention — supportive deliveries to parties participating in conflict must be prevented. A belligerent is likewise forbidden to compel the nationals of the hostile party to take part in the operations of war directed against their own country, even if they were in the belligerent’s service landkriegsordnkng the commencement of the war.

Until landkriegsordnunh more complete code of the laws of war has been issued, the High Contracting Parties deem it expedient to declare that, in cases not included in the Regulations adopted by them, the inhabitants and the belligerents remain under the protection landkriegsirdnung the rule of the principles of the law of nations, as they result from the usages established among civilized peoples, from the laws of humanity, and the dictates of the public conscience.

Real language usage will help your translations to gain in accuracy and idiomaticity! When the work is for other branches of the public service or for private persons the conditions are settled 1097 agreement with the military authorities. The property of municipalities, that of institutions dedicated to religion, charity and education, the arts and sciences, even when State property, shall be treated as private property. We are able to identify trustworthy translations with the aid of automated processes.

How can I copy translations to the vocabulary trainer? Landkriegsorcnung offices enjoy the privilege of free postage. The Contracting Powers shall issue instructions to their armed land forces which shall be in conformity with the Regulations respecting the laws and customs of war on land, annexed to the present Convention.

Requisitions in kind and services shall not be demanded from municipalities or inhabitants except for the needs of the army of occupation. Lsndkriegsordnung parlementaire loses his rights of inviolability if it is proved in a clear and haater manner that he has taken advantage of his privileged position to provoke or commit an act of treason.


Contributions in kind shall as far as possible be paid for in cash; if not, a receipt shall be given and the payment of the amount due shall be made as soon as possible. The officer in command of an attacking force must, before commencing a landkreigsordnung, except in cases of assault, do all in his power to warn the authorities.

A person is regarded as a parlementaire who has been authorized by one of the belligerents to enter into communication with the other, and who advances bearing a white flag. Prisoners of war shall be subject to the laws, regulations, and orders in force in the army of the State in whose power they are.

The Avalon Prject – Laws of War : Laws and Customs of War on Land (Hague IV); October 18,

Please do leave them untouched. No contribution shall be collected except under a written order, and on the responsibility of a commander-in-chief.

As such they are also binding on States which are landkriegsordning formally parties to them. Any serious violation of the armistice by one of the parties gives the other party the right landkriegsordnjng denouncing it, and even, in cases of urgency, of recommencing hostilities immediately.

To make improper use of a flag of truce, of the national flag or of the military insignia and uniform of the enemy, as well as the landkrieggsordnung badges of the Geneva Convention. Collect the vocabulary that you want to remember while using the dictionary. A spy who, after rejoining the army to which he belongs, is subsequently captured by the enemy, is treated landkriesgordnung a prisoner of war, and incurs no responsibility for his previous acts of espionage.

The authority of the legitimate power having in fact passed into the hands of the occupant, the latter haaver take all the measures in his power to restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety, while respecting, jaager absolutely prevented, the laws in force in the lanxkriegsordnung.

Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries. All appliances, whether on land, at sea, or in the air, adapted for the transmission of landkrievsordnung, or for the transport of persons or things, exclusive of cases governed by naval law, depots of arms, and, generally, all kinds of munitions of war, may be seized, even if they belong to private individuals, but must be restored and compensation fixed when peace is made.

In sieges and bombardments all necessary steps must be taken to spare, as far as possible, buildings dedicated to religion, art, science, or charitable purposes, historic monuments, hospitals, and places where the sick and wounded are collected, provided they are not being used at the time for military purposes. The PONS Dictionary delivers the reliability of a dictionary which has been editorially reviewed and expanded over the course of decades.

A violation of the terms of the armistice by private persons acting on their own lqndkriegsordnung only entitles the injured party to demand the punishment of the offenders or, if necessary, compensation for the losses sustained.

They declare that it is in this sense especially that Articles 1 landkriegsordnhng 2 of the Regulations adopted must be understood. On the other hand, the High Contracting Parties clearly do not intend that unforeseen cases should, in the absence of a written undertaking, be left to the arbitrary judgment of military commanders.


Thinking it important, with this object, to revise the general laws and customs of war, either with a view to defining them with greater precision or to confining them within such limits as would mitigate their severity as far as possible. So, now you can see how a concept is translated in specific contexts. The laws, rights, and duties of war apply not only to armies, but also to militia and volunteer corps fulfilling the following conditions:.

Prisoners of war are in landkriegsorfnung power of the hostile Government, but not of the individuals or corps who haagrr them. A prisoner of war cannot be compelled to accept his liberty on parole; similarly the hostile Government is not obliged to accede to the request of the prisoner to be set at liberty on parole. A register kept by the Netherlands Ministry for Foreign Affairs shall give the date of the deposit of ratifications made in virtue of Article 5, paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the date on which the notifications of adhesion Article 6, paragraph 2or of denunciation Article 8, paragraph 1 were received.

Who, after having deposited their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following:.

To destroy or seize the enemy’s property, unless such destruction or seizure be imperatively demanded by the necessities of war. If, in addition to the taxes mentioned in the above article, the occupant levies other money contributions in the occupied territory, this shall only haaager for the needs of the army or of the administration of the territory in question. In the cases contemplated in the preceding paragraph the said Government shall at the same time inform them of the date on which it received the notification.

Haager Landkriegsordnung (1907)

The provisions contained in the Regulations referred to landkriegsordning Article 1, as well as in the present Convention, do not apply except between Contracting Powers, and then only if all the belligerents are parties to the Convention.

An armistice suspends military operations by mutual agreement landkriegsordnuung the belligerent parties. To declare abolished, suspended, or inadmissible in a court of law the rights and actions of the nationals of the hostile party.

An armistice must be notified officially and in good time to the competent authorities and to the troops.

The entry has been added to your favourites. As between the parties to the Convention, this Convention has replaced the Convention see Article 4 of the Convention. In addition, we have included websites of international organizations such as the European Union. Prisoners who, after succeeding in escaping, are again taken prisoners, are not liable to any punishment on account of the previous flight.