The Semitic languages /​ edited by Robert Hetzron. Other Authors. Hetzron, Robert. Published. New York: Routledge, Content Types. text. Carrier Types. : The Semitic Languages (Routledge Language Family Series) ( ): Robert Hetzron: Books. THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST. ROBERT HETZRON (ed.): The Semitic languages. xx, pp. London: Routledge, ? Nildeke to Goldziher (7/8/ ).

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Reconstructing Proto-Semitic and Models of Classification have suggested that this kind of leveling is evidence of genetic relationship, but these are clearly cases of areal phenomena or parallel development.

Robert Hetzron (ed.): The Semitic Languages

In a few modern Arabic dialects, e. And despite the diver- sity of the shape of the article in these languages, it is likely that they originate in a small number of forms.

Generalization of -t- in the kataba suffix conjugation. In Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic, the 1cs suffix form becomes katab-tu on analogy to the 2ms form katab-ta. Hosted By Hamburg University Press.

In the event of any conflict, the authors will promptly inform the publisher. In Ethiopic the reverse occurs as the 2ms becomes -ka. The authors are authorised by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.

South Semitic and Central Semitic. There are actually a number of factors that may give rise to similarities among languages, and these are worth reviewing before returning to the history of the Semitic family. The Semitic Lan- guges London: Open to the public Held.


The major change introduced by Hetzron and modified by Huehnergard is to group Arabic and Northwest Semitic together under the label Central Semitic, which is distinguished from South Semitic Southeast Semitic in the traditional model.

You are commenting using your WordPress. In other words, the family tree cannot easily accommo- date these additional features. We would propose, in fact, that such vestiges may serve as a heuristic criterion for determining whether a feature is due to some factor other than genetic inheritance: The family tree as expounded in Section 4, above, does seem to be a reliable model of the genetic relationship of the Semitic languages, but it does not accurately depict the history of contact among all of the languages.

Robert Hetzron

In this case of the loss of feminine -t, the presence hefzron vestiges of the earlier situation in the various languages indicates that the innovation did not occur in a common ancestor of these languages. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. As in Section 7.

First and second person forms We can reconstruct for the Proto-Semitic suffix-conjugation a first person singular suf- fix -ku and second person singular suffixes -ta masc. We propose the following set of developments. Fergusonand the response by Tosco ; this has no bearing on their inclusion in the Semitic family. The prefix conjugation yaqtulu which replaced the form yaqattal with doubling of the middle radical, attested in Akkadian iparrasEthiopic, and South Arabian.

Any borrowed features between Akkadian and Aramaic are unconnected to the fact that the two languages share an ancestor.


The Semitic Languages – Robert Hetzron – Google Books

Numerous internal plurals survive in some languages, like Tigrinya, but they have practically disappeared in some of the so-called Gurage languages. Content Types text Carrier Types online resource volume Physical Description 1 online resource xx, pages: Suggestions are made for the most useful sources of further reading and the work is comprehensively indexed.

The shared retention of internal plurals was, perhaps, partly due to areal contact. First, within the Central Semitic sub-family, not all of the characteristic features are common to the entire group. Introduction The internal subgrouping of the Semitic language family has been debated almost since the systematic linguistic study of the family began in the 19th century.

However, any shared innovative patterns and the expansion of the use of internal plurals can be confidently chalked up to areal influence. Thus the preferred method is to group languages based on only shared innovations.

Robert Hetzron (ed.): The Semitic Languages | Aethiopica

Tropperthe fact that languagges article is non-existent in Ugaritic and Amarna Canaanite, and rare in the earliest Hebrew and Aramaic, along with the fact that we find both prefixed and suffixed articles, all support this idea.

Problems in Comparative Linguistics.

The Akkadian Language in its Semitic Context: