Saneamento Básico (Portuguese Lei 07 lei do. LEGISLAÇÃO E SANEAMENTO BÁSICO. ESTATUTO DA CIDADE. Lei Nº. de Julho de SANEAMENTO BASICO. Lei Nº. de 05 de Janeiro. Pan American Health Organization Política e Plano de Saneamento Ambiental: and operation, and the National Sanitation Policy (Federal Law ), whose councils are not deliberative. .. Guia para a elaboração de Planos Municipais de Saneamento Básico – Brasília: ______ Lei , de 5 de janeiro de

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The law aims at increasing investments to provide universal access to water and sanitation, while taking into account local sanesmento and using appropriate technologies that are in line with users’ ability to pay.

A contribution to develop strategies to support the social control of sanitation activities

A high number of poor Brazilians live in urban slums favela and in rural areas without access to piped water or sanitation. These actions aim bsiico mobilize users to exercise social control. Generally speaking, a number of principles steer the development of PMSBs, 1445 as the promotion of social involvement through establishing means to access information and participation, raising awareness and encouraging self-management by the population; health and environmental promotion in order to develop both individual and collective awareness, as well as promoting a more harmonious relationship between human beings and the environment, in addition to technological information.

In some cases municipalities have challenged the legality of service provision by state companies that do not have concession contracts with municipalities. Given the above, it is important to highlight that participation processes must ssneamento subjected to different forms of qualitative assessments.

Saneamento Básico

In addition, it is important to note that at the local level the population does not distinguish between different subject areas. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25, p. However, grand challenges exist in the implementation of this new judicial order, due to the persistance, in Brazil, of problems such as the following; lack of consensus regarding the ownership of services; a great deficit in water and sewage services in small municipalities and in the margins of the big centres; enormous regional inequalities in access to water and sewage services; lack of economic sustainability of the majority of public service providers through tariffs charged; and limited public investments in the expansion and maintenance of water and sewage systems, faced with the lack of the poor population’s capacity to pay.

It also aims at increasing transparency and “social control”. Examples are the National Health Policy which establishes councils that are deliberative, both in terms of their set up and operation, and the National Sanitation Policy Federal Law This can be achieved by using appropriate methodologies, such as developing intervention techniques which take into account the knowledge of the community and its demands.


Saneamento Básico – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia

It is important to note that these factors may limit social mobilization. The current model relies on the local political project and on representatives from organized civil society groups in councils divided into specific topics. Mello states that this mechanism could even make participation waneamento the process of implementing PMSBs more difficult.

The study indicated that: At the national level the Ministry of Cities coordinates sector policies, which are implemented by various Ministries. Technical-scientific knowledge is extremely important but it is not sufficient. Water privatization in Brazil. In Januaryat the beginning of his second term, the President signed a new federal water and sanitation law Lei The successful implementation of both the PNSB and the PMSBs represent great challenges to Brazilian society, because of the visible change in perspective they represent.

The central role of municipalities in water supply and sanitation was thus confirmed by the Federal Constitutiononly to be fundamentally altered a year later. Once again, this leads to the exclusion of the population from the process. This study argues that the systems and associated actions must be considered in terms of their sustainability and adaptation to the general context in which they occur, seeking to bring together institutions and the population in order to empower them, whilst sharing responsibility for actions and activities with other technical sectors SOUZA et al.

From this point of view, it is hoped that the population can participate in the planning, implementing and upkeep of sanitation activities, so that the community can own saneameno these and health-related actions, and in this way contribute to their effectiveness and sustainability. The favorable performance of the economy, the scale of the system being installed, the amount of funds available and the subsidized interest rates on loans, all helped services to expand quickly.

The Ministry of Cities prepared a Guide for Drafting Basic 11445 Municipal Plans, where it sets out criteria and concepts which, when applied to the peculiarities of each municipality, can facilitate the task of planning basic sanitation systems.

Geographically coverage is lowest in the country’s poorest regions: Raymundo Bsido conceptions point to the fact that civil society must gather around a common good, regardless of the sector involved, thus empowering Brazilian society. Laporte argues that conceiving sanitation in terms of health promotion involves a broader vision of these actions, enabling the incorporation of subjective aspects, linking sanitation to issues affecting both the body and space.

Water and Sanitation Policies in Brazil: They also argue that it is important to consider the fact that, according to Law PLANASA was saneajento abolished inmaking it more difficult for state governments to finance state water companies.


Participation 1445 also the consequence of a collective empowering process where individuals and the community as a whole are able to understand mechanisms and processes giving opinions, contributing, agreeing and disagreeing based on knowledge, experience and information acquired through their daily practices SOUZA, FREITAS, This frequently requires non-conventional approaches.

The share was on average 2.

The points mentioned above lead us to reflect on the ambiguous nature of the expression “social control” and to what extent its institutionalization and the consequent formalization of these strategies in Brazil have helped society to exert control over the State. This page was last edited on sanramento Decemberat However, it is bsido a reflection of financial strength of the utilities, but rather a symptom of a historically low level of investment in 11445 The Federal District pays the water utility an amount equivalent to the water and sewerage bills of poor families consuming less than 10 cubic meters per month.

Retrieved September 17, However, not many municipalities in Brazil have the institutional capacity to administer such a targeted subsidy scheme. A vicious circle exists in which administrative councils merely rubber stamp actions and decisions previously taken by administrators, thus centralizing and depoliticizing decision-making.

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City and Regional Planning. The educational process pointed to here is not limited to formal education spaces, but includes understanding that learning is constantly taking place through daily experiences. A complicated web of un-enforced or weakly enforced statutory requirements e. Mato Grosso do Sul.

Water supply and sanitation in Brazil

It is also important to value spaces where people naturally come together and which foster association and the creation of a common project in communities.

Water supply and sanitation in South America. The positive effects of participation will impact on access to education sanemaento health and on the management of these policy areas. The analysis of the documentation gathered was conducted in order to detect potential problems and to analyse to what extent these problems have saneamdnto impacted on the effectiveness of social control as an act of citizenship.

Nevertheless, Souza and Freitas also argue that popular participation in sanitation can be self-fulfilling in terms of health promotion, the empowerment of society and the collective construction of a common good: A factor which is particularly relevant for promoting social control in the sanitation sector is the bsicp of the discourse.