MANSABDARI SYSTEM Discuss the evolution of Mansabdari system under Akbar. The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar and as a system and. I must also reiterate that this system wasnt exclusively Akbar’s ‘creation’ as generally believed, it was part of an evolutionary process of administrative reforms. The mansabdari system, introduced by Akbar, is a standout feature of the Mughal administration. Under this system, every officer of the Mughal empire was.
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The lowest rank holder was provided with 10 mansabs. There were 33 categories of the mansabdars. The Mansabdars were required to to maintain a fix number of troops and other equipments such as; horses, elephants, camels, mules, carfts, etc. Mansabdars and their large forces were used to expand the mahsabdari and administer it effectively. The Emperor was authorized to appoint anyone as Mansabdar and at any rank.
Those mansabdars whose rank was one thousand or below were called the Amirwhile those above 1, were called the Amiral Kabir Great Amir. It is noteworthy that most of the Mansabdars were foreigners or were of Central Asian, Turk, Persian and Afghan origin, though there were also a small number of Indians who also got appointments as mansabdars.
But the revenue was realised by officers and necessary adjustments made. The main feature of this was mansab or office a person held and it was approved by the emperor These rules, though initially mansabdati enforced, were akgar slackened.
There were thirty-three grades of mansabdars ranging from ‘commanders of 10’ to ‘commanders of 10,’. Mansab denoted three things: There were 3 classes of mansabdars:. Dishonest mansabdars and officials used to ally together during inspection, borrowed horses from one another and showed their full quota. The Mansabdars belonged to both Civil and Military department. In the administration, the third category was of amir-i-umda or amir-i-azam or omrahs -those mansabdars who holding the ranks of 2, zat and more.
It was an organization of civil, military ecclesiastical services rolled into one office. Each horse bore two marks; one of govt. Irvin expressed the view that Zat indicated the actual number of cavalry under a mansabdar besides other soldiers while sawar was an additional honour. Please Select Your Board First. In Akbar’s time, the lowest mansabdar was the commander of 10 and the highest was of 10, Mwnsabdari by Topperlearning User 11th February2: At the beginning of akbar’s reign, rigid rules were not framed xkbar this respect.
Mansabdari System in Mughal Administration
This meant that there was little opportunity for promotion within the system. This content is available for subscribed users only.
For every ten cavalry men, the mansabdar had to maintain twenty horses for horses that had to be provided rest while on a march and replacements were necessary in times of war. The troops raised by the emperor but not paid directly by the state and placed under the charge of mansabadars were known as Dakhili. As a result of the mansabdari system, the emperor had no longer to depend akbr on the mercenaries of the feudal chieftains.
A mansabdar holding a akbag of 5, had to maintain horses, elephants, camels, mules and carts. Thus it represents that it was a highly centralized system. Later on, the highest number of mansabs was raised from 10, to 12,; thus there was no fixed number of mansabdars.
The Mansabdar was a military systek within the administrative system of the Mughal Empire introduced by Akbar.
There were no such rules to regulate appointments, promotions and dismissals of the mansabdar. During the early reign of Akbar, the lowest grade was ten and the highest was 12, Therefore, Mansabdar aakbar an officer or the holder of the rank, status, and post. A dishonest akbae could, for instance, recruit less than the specified number of troops as indicated by his swar rank and get the salaries paid to the fictitious men, or alternatively, get fictitious payrolls prepared in the name of non-existent person, in collaboration with the corrupt staff of the army establishment or the finance department.
Before Akbar, there was no division of civil and military functions of the state. Click here to sign up.
Mansabdar – Wikipedia
This system under the Mughals in India was the product of an evolutionary process. Additionally, there was no distinction between the civil and majsabdari departments.
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This institution was borrowed in some form from Western Asia and modified to suit the needs of the time in India.